Who Colonized Namibia?
When did Namibia become a colony? When was it settled by German settlers? When did it get occupied by South Africans? What about the civil war? Who colonized Namibia? We’ll get to all those questions and more in this article.
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Plus, find out the story of Etosha National Park. Now you know who colonized Namibia! Hopefully this article has inspired you to learn more about this fascinating place!
The German government has proposed a joint declaration on Namibia that calls the atrocities committed by German settlers “genocide” but fails to specify the terms of reparations or compensation. This is a blatant disregard for the human rights of Namibians and the humanity of all mankind. Despite this, the Namibian government agreed to return human remains of Herero and Nama tribe members as a gesture of goodwill. The human remains were once part of a series of experiments that established the superiority of the European race.
South African occupation
The occupation of Namibia by the South African government has long been controversial. While the country was largely uninhabited, it is now a member of several international organizations. The Namibian government has committed itself to promoting a mixed market economy and encouraging private investment in export-oriented manufacturing industries. As of 2002, construction contributed 2.2% of Namibia’s GDP. Major new projects were the extension of the Northern Railway line, construction of the new State House, resurfacing the Kongola-Katima road, and the westward extension of the Trans-Caprivi highway.
Angola’s civil war
Since the 1992 elections, Angola’s civil war has continued, punctuated by ceasefire agreements. Although government forces captured a number of UNITA-held regions in 1999, UNITA responded by retaking Cabinda. Today, government forces are stretched thin defending Cabinda from separatists, while defending Angola itself from UNITA. Nevertheless, the conflict continues to escalate. Listed below are some key facts about Angola’s civil war.
Etosha National Park
The first Europeans to settle in the area in the late 1700s brought their knowledge of the region’s flora and fauna. The region is home to a diverse flora, including a unique halophytic vegetation known as the Etosha pan. The area is home to many species of plants and animals, including blue wildebeest and springbok.
Fish River Canyon
For a true adventure, head to the country of Namibia. It is a country of vast reaches and a stunning blend of landscape and space. For road tripping, this country has some of the best destinations in the region, from the Fish River Canyon to Etosha National Park. It is also home to some of the world’s oldest deserts and wild Atlantic coast. Its German heritage can be found in its cuisine, art nouveau architecture, and festivals.
Quiver Tree Forest
The Quiver Tree Forest, a natural landmark in southern Namibia, is one of the country’s most unique tourist attractions. It’s made up of over 250 specimens of Aloidendron dichotomum, locally known as the quiver tree. Native to southern Africa, Quiver trees have sacred status in some local religions, and they bloom only after they are twenty to thirty years old. The forest is so unique that it was designated a national monument in 1995.
You can spend a few days exploring the Skeleton Coast and Namib Desert by renting a car. In this desert destination, you can spend your nights in a quaint, well-preserved German colonial town. If you have the time, you can explore the ghostly open museum in Kolmanskop, a ghost town that is about 30 kilometers inland from the main city. The town was built in the early 1900’s and was largely self-sufficient because of its wealth from mining. This town even had an ice-making plant!
Ovaherero and Nama people
During the colonization of Namibia by German forces, the indigenous Herero and Nama people were murdered in mass quantities. The colonial forces sent the skulls to Berlin for discredited research, which ultimately sought to establish white European racial superiority. While the colonial genocide is not a new story, it remains one of the most horrific chapters in Namibian history.